Shri Lokesh Boro, Assistant Professor (Sr. Scale) in Economics, D.C.B. Girls’ College, Jorhat has been awarded Ph.D. Degree by Gauhati University

Dr. Lokesh Boro, Ph. D.
Shri Lokesh Boro, Assistant Professor (Sr. Scale), Department of Economics, D.C.B. Girls College, Jorhat-785001 (Assam), India, has been awarded Ph.D. degree recently by the Faculty of Arts, Gauhati University, Guwahati (Ph.D. Notification Date: 01.11.2013) for his thesis entitled “Income and Employment Generation in Alternative Farming Systems: A Study of Central Brahmaputra Valley Zone of Assam”.
He carried out this research work under the supervision of Dr. Chandan Hazarika, Director, Directorate of Post Graduate Studies and former Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat (Assam).

Shri Lokesh Boro, born on 21st February, 1975;  is the youngest son of Late Rameswar Boro and Ahalya Boro of Digaru (Sonapur), Kamrup (Metro) district of Assam, India. Shri Lokesh Boro, who is presently working as Assistant Professor (Sr. Scale) in Economics at D.C.B. Girls’ College, Jorhat, Assam; successfully completed the National Eligibility Test (NET) in the year 2000, conducted by the University Grants Commission (UGC) for determining the eligibility of Indian nationals for eligibility of Assistant Professor in Indian universities and colleges. He passed HSLC and HSSLC examinations from Digaru High School, Digaru and Sonapur Higher Secondary School, Sonapur, respectively. He studied Bachelor of Arts in Dimoria College, Khetri and Master of Arts in Economics with specializing paper in Econometrics in Gauhati University, Guwahati. It is noteworthy that Shri Lokesh Boro is the first person to receive Ph.D. Degree from Gauhati University, Guwahati among the tribal communities in Dimoria area (Dimoria Development Block, Kamrup (Metro) district, Assam). At present, he is a permanent resident of Village - Borkhat, P.O. Sonapur, Distt. Kamrup (Metro), Assam, India, PIN-782402. He may also be reachable vide E-mail: lokeshboro@gmail.com

The Research at a Glance

News clipping publishing the news in various newspapers
It is obvious that agriculture is a diversified field of activity which encompasses a number of farming activities, viz. crops, animal/birds rearing and homestead plantation. Combination of one or more enterprises with cropping when carefully chosen planned and executed (selection of proper mix and judicious allocation of scarce farm resources) provide greater dividends than single enterprise especially for marginal and small farmers with large surplus farm labour and big human force. Thus to improve the standard of living of farmers and to stabilize the income flow, diversification of crops and enterprises emerges as a major strategy. The term of alternative farming is associated with different farming alternative available to farmers with farming diversification. The present study is dealt with the study of the alternative farming system under diversification within agricultural, i.e., combination of crop and livestock enterprises which increases the farm’s net income and employment generation.

The study was carried out in the purposively selected Central Brahmaputra Valley Zone of Assam (comprises of two district: Nagaon and Marigaon), as the farmers are adopting different farming systems in their farm business in this zone. A sample of 225 farm households of four size groups viz. marginal, small, medium and large were selected randomly for the study. The primary data were collected from the selected respondents by personal interview with the help of a set of pre-tested schedule and questionnaire pertaining to the year 2010-11. Linear programming model, Tabular analysis, Multiple Linear Regression Model, BCR technique and 10 point scoring table were carried out for substantiating the objectives of the study.

The average size of land holding for marginal, small, medium and large farmers were found to be 0.78, 1.07, 2.01 and 4.00 hectares respectively.In the existing farm plan, the cropping intensity for marginal, small, medium and large farmers were 175.64, 170.09, 161.19 and 150.25 per cent respectively; while on an average it was 158.27 per cent of the study area. Thus, it was found that the over-all cropping intensity was higher than the state average 146.05 per cent in 2009-10. But they are maintaining a very low level of livestock/birds enterprises in the existing plan.

The proportion of income generated from various enterprises revealed that highest income was contributed by field crops (61 to 73 per cent), followed by livestock/birds (21 to 33 per cent) and plantation crop (3 to 5 per cent) to the total farm income in different category of farmers. Field crops absorbed the maximum human labour in each category of farmers as it was the major component of farming. In case of crop enterprise, the proportionate shares of all the categories of farmers were above 71 per cent but in case of livestock, the utilization was just the opposite from 16 to 23 per cent among the all category of farmers.

The study revealed that mixed farming was found to be prevalent in the study area, with the FS 03: crop + dairy cow + goatery + poultry farming system as the best alternative system among the six systems which fetched the maximum income and also utilized highest labour in all the category of farmers.The study also revealed that the resources were not utilized rationally by the sample farmers and there exists scopes for increasing the income and employment in the study area through resource allocation.

Optimum plans (P1 to P2) showed marked changes in gross cropped area, cropping intensity, net return and human labour employment over the existing plans (PO) in different category of farmers. The study established that fact that the diversification can be the best strategy for increasing farm’s net return and human labour employment opportunity. 

The study also revealed that the way to diversification is not free from constraints. Out of 10 point scale, the study revealed that lack of proper marketing facilities, lack of access of institutional credit facilities, lack of cold storages and lack of access of irrigation facilities were some of the major constraints in the study area. Proper policy implications by the government would be necessary for removing these obstacles.

Further, Shri Lokesh Boro has written and already published two text books on Mathematical Economics which are attributively helpful to the students of degree course. The books are as mentioned below:

Books on Mathematical Economics written by Shri Lokesh Boro

Gyanitik Arthavigyan
A text book titled “Gyanitik Arthavigyan” (Assamese version), published by Bidya Bhawan, M.G Road, Jorhat (Assam) with the © Author, Shri Lokesh Boro. He is the first person who has written text book in Assamese language on Mathematical Economics especially for degree courses’ students.

The phase-wise editions of the same book are as under:

First edition: June, 2004
Second edition: July, 2006
Second edition (Reprint): August, 2008
Third Enlarged and Revised edition: 2009
Fourth edition: August, 2010
Fifth Enlarged and Revised edition: October, 2011
Sixth Enlarged and Revised edition: January, 2013

Mathematical Economics
Shri Lokesh Boro has also written a book on mathematical economics in English language titled, “For Degree Courses of North Eastern Universities - Mathematical Economics”, published by Bidya Bhawan, M.G. Road, Jorhat (Assam), India with the © Author, Shri Lokesh Boro. This book was written with the purpose for meeting the needful of students of BA/B.Sc. as well as MA in Economics so far the extent. 

The phase-wise editions of this book are as under:

First edition: July, 2006
Second (Enlarged & Revised) edition: May, 2009
Third (Revised) edition: October, 2011.

Dimorian Review congratulates to Shri Lokesh Boro for his achievement!

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