Research Scholar, Department of Bodo
Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam, India

The Bodo language is originated from the Tibeto-Burman group of Sino-Tibetan language family. The language is quite extensive and mainly spoken in Assam and its adjacent areas. The language has some especial characteristics in terms of using Phrase and idiom. This paper attempts to discuss the phrase and idiom used in the language. In fact, a phrase is a combination of words and sometimes it may found within a clause in the sentence.The combination subject-verb is not necessary in a phrase. Generally, the phrase can be divided in some different categories viz.-Noun phrase, Verb phrase, Adverb phrase, Adjective phrase etc. In every phrase there must have one head-word and the others dependents are found before or after the head-word but it depends on head-word. Head-word identifies the types of a phrase. On the other hand, the idiom is also essential part of the language. Idiom has a figurative meaning and it is a combination of word. The meaning of an idiom is separate from literal meaning. There are thousands of idioms in Bodo language used since long century. In social environment phrase are found as idiomatic and non-idiomatic in Bodo language since long years ago. So phrase and idiom are closely related with each other. But in lack of uses or in case of multi-lingual, some idiomatic phrases are going to extinct. So, further analysis on the topic is very important to enlarge or survive the language.

Key words: Noun Phrase, Verb Phrase, Adverb Phrase, Adjective Phrase, Idioms

Bodo is the name of the community as well as the language. Linguistically, the Bodo language belongs to the Sino-Tibetan language family. This language family has two main branches such as (i) Sino-Tibetan proper and (ii) probably early modification of Sino-Tibetan and the sub branches of Sino-Tibetan proper are the Tibeto-Burman and Siamese-Chinese. The Tibeto-Burman language group has four major branches which are– Himalayan, Tibetan, North-Assam, and Assam-Burmese. Bodo language belongs to Assam-Burmese branch and this language is found under the Bodo group which is the sub-group of Bodo-Naga under the Assam-Burmese branch. The speakers of the Bodo language are found mainly in BTC area and can also be found more or less in all the districts of Assam and some neighbouring states of Assam.

Phrase and idiom are discussed under syntax. Phrase is defined as a small group of words standing together as a conceptual unit, typically forming a component of a clause. Sometimes, a phrase may found within a clause. Phrases are divided into some different types; like Noun Phrase, Verb Phrase, Adverb Phrase etc. All the types of phrase are identified by one single head-word in a phrase and named by it. And some remaining words are appears with the head-word in a phrase. The remaining words are called as dependents or modifiers.  At the same time the idioms can be discussed under phrase. So, these two aspects are related to each other. An idiom has a figurative meaning ad it is separate from the literal meaning. An idiom is not self made, it’s a social recognized combination of word which is well known by the speaker of one language. The idioms are also found in some different types or categories. Generally, the idioms are transmitted by our ancestors from one generation to another generation. For example: akhai-gɯlao(powerful man), megɔn-gɯsa(jealous)etc.

i)To analyse Bodo phrase and idiom used in the language very frequently.
ii)To study the structure and the types of phrase and idiom, how these two are closely related with each other in the language.  

The area of the study for the proposed research article has been selected on west Bodo dialect, like- Kokrajhar, Gossaigaon, Dhubri, Chirang etc. It means base on standard dialect of the Bodo Language. The majority of Bodo speaker of the language are found at the mentioned areas. The Bodo peoples of the mentioned areas are using their own language commonly in daily life. So the various types of source are collected from the said language. Besides, the necessary data has been collected from both primary and secondary sources. For the primary data need to visited some villages as above mention areas of the study as well as the researcher is also a native speaker, it helps immensely to collect the primary data. For the secondary sources the books, magazine, journal, internet etc. are taken into consideration. After collecting the data it is analyzed and discussed by descriptive analysis method.
4.Results and Discussion

[Read the full article Click here PDF Online,  Page No.15]

No comments:

Post a Comment

Share Every Sense on Art, Culture & Literature; Travel & Tourism; Commerce & Economy; Science & Technology; etc. Send us your Write-up by Email:


Share every sense on Art, Culture & Literature; Travel & Tourism; Commerce & Economy; Science & Technology; etc. Publish Article, Story, Poetry, Book Review, Travelogue, Recipe and News. Send us your creative contents written or transcreated in English at

Get Free Updates at Your Inbox! Enter Your Email Address:


Twitter Bird Gadget