EDUCATIONAL EVOLUTION OF MAJULI


By Priyanka Hazarika


Education is life and life is education, this is all true to the weaker section of our population who have long been subject to various kinds of deprivation and discrimination and therefore needs infant development. Every human being has a right to education that such section of the population can take full advantages of economic development as well as enhance their ability to think about their betterment. Mahanta (2001) revealed that education also promotes social mobility and of the same time it raises the level of consequences of the right against exploitation.

The formal education in Majuli began by the Colonial Government who used the tradition and infrastructure of the Pathsalas to stare the primary schools. It should be noted that the American Beptist Christian Missionaries visited the Island as early as the first half of the 19 th century for the purpose of proselytization; but they failed to do anything of the kind of conservation or establishment of school in the island due to the influence of the satras as they could do elsewhere (Kalita, 2013). But the rest of the years that century witnessed emergence of few other L.P. schools there. As per available record, the first L.P. School in Majuli started by the British was Karhal Gaon L.P. school which was established in the year 1878. The kamargaon L.P. school was established in the year 1885. It is said that this school received students from distance villages, as far as from Kamalabari, about ten miles away from the school. The Kamalabari (Upperkatani) L.P .school was established in 1888. Thus number of L.P. school inereased to 44 by the forties of the last century. Late Bhuban Chandra Thakur, one of the pioneering educationist of Majuli, a student leader of his time and a social worker has noted that names of late Betharam Borah, Late Kanak Chandra Doley, Late Charu Chandra Doley (first Graduate among the Mising of Assam) Late Devi Gam, Late Thagiram Bhuyan, Late Chandradhar Bharali, Late Dasiram Pegu, Late Khangeswar Hazarika, Late Maguram Neog, Late Rajani Borah, Late Sonaram Saikia, Late Keshabram Borah (Founder Head of Majuli Auniati Hemchandra High School). Late Roseswar Hazarika, Late Sasidhar Boruah, Late Bipin Borkataki, Late Bholaram Sharma, Late Rajen Boruah and few others who were to be associated with the growth of early education in the island. It is significant to note that Betharam Boruah has devoted his life and labour for the growth of early education in the island in more than one way. He not only was the inspiration behind foundation of so many schools, he himself was a teacher and coleague of Keshabram borah in the field of development of modern education in Majuli and was the head pondit of Bongaon MV school (estd. 1914) the first of its kind in the island (Hazarika, 2008). Neog (2013) mentioned that it was after the school has been established that a few other MV schools come up like Auniati MV school (1919) the Ahatguri MV school (1928) Dakhinpat MV (1946) Ratanpur MV school (1942) and otherts in the post independence period. In case of introduction mofern education in Mafuli first high school Majuli Auniati Hem ch. High school was established in 1924 with Keshabram Borah first grradute from Majuli (passed B.Sc. from Cotton College in 1920).

Growth of school education contributed to growth of collegiate education in the island. It is to be noted that some persons who were at the root of the school were the pioneering force behind growth of college education also (Saikia, 2015). These with Keshabram Borah as the president of governing body, the Majuli College was established in 1962. Similarly with Indeswar Pegu as the Secretary and Principal was founded the Jengraimukh college about a decade later in the year 1972. At the same time Ujani Majuli Kherkatia College established in 1973 at Natun Bazar by taking Bishnu Borah of Jugunidhari as Principal. Another higher education  institute  Rangachahi College was established in 1983 with Bagaram Nath as its President of governing body.In course of the last few decades a few other Higher secondary school i.e., C.S. Rawnapar H.S. School and Meragarh N.Dev Higher Secondary school were established. At night decades of nineteen century two Junior college i.e., Pitember Dev. Junior College, Garamur and Namoni Majuli Junior College were established in 1990 a degree college was established in Bongaon i.e Pub-Majuli College. The wave of increasing educational i nstitutions in Majuli is a rapid ways i.e Junior College, H.S. School. High School M.E. Schools, L.P schools Vocation institutions, Music schools and colleges also. The rapid and random growth of educational institutions show that while in other time it was policy to create them for meeting the need of the people, now it has become a necessity to manage the over employment problems there.

Majuli is naturally beautiful and it is soul of Satriya culture as well as the world biggest inhabitant river Island. People of Majuli are always aware of Education, Culture and Socio-Economic development. The president scenarios of Majuli’s educational institutions are shown below:

Table-1: Educational Institutions in Majuli

Institutions
Numbers
Provincialized Colleges (Degree Colleges)
6
Junior Colleges
3
H.S. School (Both Provincialised & Venture Mood)
8
High School (Both Provinsalised & Vanture Mood)
93
M.E. School
18
M.V. School
95
L.P. School(Both Provinsalised & Vanture Mood)
515
Sanskrit Tools
6
ITI (Bongaon)
1
Basic Training Centre (Rawnapar)
1


Majuli being a river island the future of education in Majuli appears to be bright. But the need of hour is to equip the existing institutions with modern and sophisticated technology and skill base educational programmers. Majuli has immense Tourism potentialities. So, Vocational & skill base programme including satriya culture. Cottage industry and Musk making industry etc. can solve the unemployment problem as well as cultural conservation of the island.

References
  • B. Hazarika (ed). Majuli- Souvenir of Junior College Teacher. Kamalabari: Pitamber Dev J. College, 2008.
  • B.C. Neog (2013). A study of the socio-economic condition of primary school Teacher - Majuli. Ph.D thesis to Singhania University, Rajashthan.
  • K.C. Kalita (ed.). Majuli. Guwahati: Directorate of Information and Public Relation, Government of Assam, 2013.
  • P.K Mahanta (edit). Majuli. Jorhat: New Era Media Service, 2001.
  • R.K. Saikia (ed.). Banomali. Souvenir of Adhatmik Yuva Samilan. Majuli: Dakhinpat Satra, 2015.


About author: The author, Ms. Priyanka Hazarika obtained M.A degree in Assamese from Gauhati University. Presently she is serving as Assistant Teacher of Primary School. She has written various articles in Magazine and Newspapers amnd also published research article in National Journals.

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