ECONOMIC PROBLEBS OF SCHEDULED CASTES STUDENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION OF ASSAM

Dr. Subhash Chandra Das
Assistant Professor, Department of Education
Devi Charan Baruah Girls’ College, Jorhat, Assam, India
                                                   
Abstract

Education has the significant role for overall development of the nation. Its’ act as a beneficial force cutting across the barriers of caste and class, smoothing out inequalities by birth and other conditions. In a democratic country like India, it is necessary that educational opportunities should be equalized. In our country most of the scheduled caste populations are educationally, socially, and economically backward. Higher Education takes a central place in India. Therefore, the UGC has taken initiative role for the development of scheduled castes in higher education. . Thus education is not merely a component of Human research and development but rather the most powerful mean by which academic, social, political, economic etc. changes can be brought among the people. Through this research article an attempt is made to study the economic and academic problems of schedule caste in higher education in Assam.
Key words: Human resource, Educational opportunities, Economical support
1.   Introduction
In India, the caste system has deep roots in social set up, and it has many changes from Vedic age to present age. There are five different levels of the caste systems in India; they are- Brahmin, Kshatriyas, Vaishya, Sudra and Horizons (Kuppusamy, 2009). They are considered as actual “castes or jatis’’. They never exchange their own social customs, principles and traditions with others; rather they restrict them among themselves. The expression “Schedule Caste” was first used by the Simon Commission. Out of more than 121 Crore population in India, Scheduled castes populations comprises 16.2% (2011 census report) and in Assam, out of more than 3.11 Crore population Scheduled castes comprises 6.16% population (2001 census report). There are 16 (sixteenth) sub-castes among scheduled caste population are found in Assam. Education is the most fundamental requirement for overall development and all round achievement of the nation. Chitnis (1975) mentioned that its’ act as a beneficial force cutting across the barriers of caste and class, smoothing out inequalities by birth and other conditions. Higher Education takes a central place in the development of Human resource in India. Therefore, the UGC has taken initiative role for the development of scheduled castes in higher education. Thus, Agarwala (2000) opined that education is not merely a component of Human research and development but rather the most powerful mean by which academic, social, political, Economical etc. changes can be brought among the people.

In 1947, there were 25 universities, 700 colleges, and one lakh students were enrolled in higher education in India. In India, there are 757 Universities, 38056 Colleges and 11922 Stand Alone Institutions and out of them 716 Universities, 29506 Colleges and 6837 Stand Alone Institutions have responded during the survey. (All India survey 2014-15 report). Cotton College (1901) is the first College and Gauhati University (1948) is the first university of Assam, not only in the Assam but also in entire North -East region. Now, in Assam, there are more than 535 colleges and 18 universities for higher education (Government of India, 2014-15).

After independence of our country India; the researcher had began to study in the field of education of scheduled caste. Since the beginning of research study in Indian university; there are more than 222 studies had completed in the field of higher education, more 55 studies have been carried out in the field of education among the scheduled caste people of backward group (NCERT, 1998).

From the review of related literature it is found that there are hardly any studies has been done on the Economical problems of scheduled castes in higher education of Assam. Therefore, it is very important to study in this field for better understanding and clear picture about the problems of Scheduled Caste students in the higher education in Assam and it will bring some remedies for better participation in higher education by the scheduled castes in Assam.

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