A PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF VEGETABLE SECTOR IN ASSAM

Pratiksha Baishya
M.Sc. (Agri.) Student, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, India;

Dr. J. P. Hazarika
Associate Professor, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, India
&
Dr. J. K. Gogoi
Professor, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, India

Abstract
Like the other states of India, Assam too is an agrarian economy and aims at increasing production of agricultural crops and commodities which has a significant impact on the state economy. Assam has attained self sufficiency for food grains, especially in rice production, in recent times. Emphasis has now shifted to the protective food sector, fruits and vegetables, resulting in a boost in horticultural production. This paper aims at analyzing the trends in growth witnessed in the vegetable sector at both zonal and state levels in the past fifteen years. All the zones show positive and significant growth rates for area, production and yield of Kharif, Rabi and total vegetables; except for Central Brahmaputra Valley Zone. Relatively higher growth was seen for Hill Zone as compared to the other zones for the concerned parameters. Determining the instability indices for the same to indicate the consistency in growth have shown that none of the zones have high growth accompanied by low instability, which is the most favorable condition. Decomposition analysis further shows that increase in production of Kharif vegetables was mainly due to area expansion whereas that of Rabi vegetables was due to increase in yield.

Key words: Vegetable sector, Growth, Instability

1.   Introduction
In the recent times, India has emerged as the second largest producer of vegetables in the world; being only a step behind China. Individually looking at the vegetables, India leads in the production of potato and okra. In the year 2014-15 the total area, production and productivity of vegetables in the country was found to be 9541 thousand ha, 168 thousand MT, and 17640 kg per ha respectively; as against just 5593 thousand ha, 59 thousand MT and 10470 kg per ha in the year 1991-92. This voluminous increase in production has been attributed as a direct result of area expansion under vegetables primarily, although introduction of better farming practices is also a major factor behind this increase. Resultantly, vegetable cultivation today has moved from rural confines to becoming a commercial venture.

[To know more may please read the full article at eBook]


No comments:

Post a Comment

Share Every Sense on Art, Culture & Literature; Travel & Tourism; Commerce & Economy; Science & Technology; etc. Send us your Write-up by Email: dimorianreview@gmail.com

DIMORIAN REVIEW WELCOMES YOUR ASSOCIATION AS A CONTRIBUTOR

Share every sense on Art, Culture & Literature; Travel & Tourism; Commerce & Economy; Science & Technology; etc. Publish Article, Story, Poetry, Book Review, Travelogue, Recipe and News. Send us your creative contents written or transcreated in English at E-mail:dimorianreview@gmail.com

Get Free Updates at Your Inbox! Enter Your Email Address:

WE'RE HAPPY TO SEE YOU HERE. PLEASE VISIT AGAIN. HAVE GOOD TIME!

Twitter Bird Gadget