MORAN BIHU AND ITS HERITAGE: A STUDY

Uttam Boruah
Research Scholar (M.Phil), Department of English, Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh, Assam, India

Abstract
Bihu, being the main festival of Assam, has its great heritage and historic value. The name itself refers to goddess Basumoti, and hence Bihu becomes the festival emerging from the soil, having the odour and essence of mud. In short it is an agrarian festival. Bihu encompasses a large number of festivities and varied characteristics. All hills and plains tribal societies are agrarian. Therefore, all of them have their planting time festivals and harvesting time festivals as well. Though the umbrella term ‘Bihu’ includes celebrations of all tribes, they have their own characteristic features. Their bihu and its heritage are shaped according to tribal belief systems, myths and folk-tales, and some distant historical events. Morans are one of the plains tribes of Assam, who celebrate their Bihu simultaneously during Spring-time with the other tribes. But their prompting beliefs are different, due to which they cherish a different heritage, contributing towards the ‘unity in diversity’ of Assam, the awesomeness of Assam. This research article seeks to present and explore the difference and uniqueness of ‘Bihu’ of one particular tribe from our general notions of Bihu.

Key words: Moran Bihu, Heritage, History, Awesome Assam.

1.   Introduction

One of the earliest tribes of Assam is ‘Moran’, which celebrates Bihu with its own customs, rituals and own cultural processes. Since they are living in a mixed society, we see their resemblance with other tribes of Assam, because cultural assimilation is always there. Assimilation fosters progress and prosperity, gives birth to novel cultural habits. Morans have their own cultural practices, unique social habits. The same goes with their Bihu. Using only of the term ‘Bihu’ does not justify and express the layers of cultural identity, but the term ‘Moran Bihu’ does.

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