A STUDY OF GHAR JEUTI (1927-1931) AS A SOURCE OF THE HISTORY OF WOMEN ORGANISATION OF ASSAM

Anannya Boruah
Research Scholar (Ph D), Department of History, Dibrugarh University,
Dibrugarh, Assam, India

Abstract

The first women journal of Assam, Ghar Jeuti was published from September, 1927 to June– July, 1931. The two women editors were Kanaklata Chaliha and Kamalalaya Kakati. The publication of women journal at a period when a negligible portion of women could hardly write a bit is a job of strong determination. The presence of this short lived journal was possible only due to the hard work of the two editors who spared some time from their daily household choirs and the support they received from the male members of their family, the family of reputed tea planter, Kali Prasad Chaliha. As compared to the other women journal of the Indian scenario, the journal was at a very infant stage. Still, it gave a platform to the contemporary Assamese women to devote some time to study, write and think of their own. Published from Sibsagar, the journal filled the need of a mouthpiece of the new born Assam Mahila Samiti (1926). The journal also acted as a practice ground for some women writers like Nalinibala Devi who later on contributed to many popular journals. If seen from an all Indian background, the journal came into existence when the Gandhian politics was propagating many welfare programmes to include the women community to directly involve in freedom struggle. As the family members of the two editors were directly related to the freedom struggle, their encouragement to give a platform to their family members and also the Assamese women to know about the contemporary condition and their contribution to the greater cause of the nation is worth mentioning. The present paper is a humble attempt to study the writings of the Assamese women in the early 19th century as reflected in Ghar Jeuti, its role in the propagation of nationalist ideas and the role of women and its role as the mouthpiece of Assam Mahila Samiti and other women organisations of contemporary Assam from historical perspective.

Key Words: Women Education, Women Organisation, Assam Mahila Samiti, Assamese society 

1.Introduction:
Ghar Jeuti, the first women journal of Assam was published in September 1927. The period was politically significant because of the active propaganda for the national movement all over the country. The active participation of the Assamese people in the national movement was increased after the non cooperation movement, with the formation of Assam Provincial Congress Committee in 1921. The popular mobility further improved after 1926, as the 41st congress session was held from 26th to 28th December 1926, in Pandu, Gauhati, under the presidentship of S. Srinivas Iyenger (Bhuyan, 2008). The Gauhati Congress helped popularise the congress organisation among masses in Assam.

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