ECONOMICS ON THE STATUS OF UNPAID CARE WORK VIS-À-VIS INVISIBLE ACTIVITIES OF RURAL WOMEN: A CASE STUDY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE DHAKUAKHANA DEVELOPMENT BLOCK IN THE DISTRICT OF LAKHIMPUR, ASSAM, INDIA

Dipshikha Chamuah
Guest Lecturer, Department of Economics, Dhemagi College, Dhemaji, Assam, India

Abstract
Unpaid care work is both an important aspect of economic activity and an indispensable for contributing to the well-being of individuals, their families and societies. Despite this importance for well being, unpaid care work is commonly left out of policy agendas due to a common misperception that, unlike standard market work measures, it is too difficult to measure and less relevant for policies. Yet, neglecting unpaid care work leads to incorrect inferences about levels and changes in individuals well being and value of time, which in turn limit policy effectiveness across a range of socio-economic areas, notably gender inequalities and other empowerment areas. Much of women’s work in rural areas never appears in national statistics and national income calculation in developing countries like India, because it is seen as an extension of their caring and nurturing functions rather than as materially rewarding activity. .Office statistics of contribution of rural women labour force often ignore the variety of ways that women contribute. Often it is regarded as unpaid work, which is not reflected in the national economy. The research article has an attempt to analyse the extent of participation in economic activities and its impact on economic growth

Key words: Developing Countries, Gender, National Income , Unpaid care work, Women

1.Introduction
Unpaid care work is both an important aspect of economic activity and an indispensable for contributing to the well-being of individuals, their families and societies (Greenwalk et al., 2007). Despite this importance for well being, unpaid care work is commonly left out of policy agendas due to a common misperception that, unlike standard market work measures, it is too difficult to measure and less relevant for policies. Yet, neglecting unpaid care work leads to incorrect inferences about levels and changes in individuals well being and value of time, which in turn limit policy effectiveness across a range of socio-economic areas, notably gender inequalities and other empowerment areas.

Much of women’s work never appears in national statistics and national income calculation because it is seen as an extension of their caring and nurturing functions rather than as materially rewarding activity. All of it is taken as unpaid family labour, but if it is quantified, the Gross National Product (GNP) of nations like India would increase by a higher percent.

The socio-economic advancement of a country can be best judged by the status and position, which it can bestow on its women. Another concern of this effect is quantifying and evaluating the work of women.

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