A STUDY ON MARRIAGE: AN ANALYSIS OF TAI-KHAMTI NUMERALS


Trisha Borgohain
Research Scholar (Ph.D), Tezpur University, Tezpur, Assam, India

Abstract
Languages differ in their numeral systems. While some languages may have a small set of numbers, some may have a large set of numbers. There are also languages which use only approximates to cover over a range of numbers. The present paper is an attempt to study the number system of Tai-Khamti. Tai-Khamti is a member of Tai-Kadai group of languages. It is spoken in the Lakhimpur district of Assam and Namsai district of Arunachal Pradesh in India. In the present paper a comparison of the base numerals between Tai-Khamti and Thai has also been carried out. As both the languages are related to Proto-Tai, so there are striking similarities between the number systems of these two languages. However, languages also tend to use approximates to facilitate simplistic cognitive processing of number values. Hence, approximate numeral terms in Tai-Khamti has also been discussed here.

Key words: Tai-kadai, Tai-Khamti, Numerals

1. Introduction

The present paper aims at describing the numerals in Tai-Khamti. Numerals facilitate in counting but counting in regular usage is not always precise. However, all languages have a base-number system. While some languages may have a small set of numbers, another language might have a detailed number system. Languages vary in their numeral systems. Moreover, there are qualitatively distinct classes of such numeral systems. Some languages have numeral systems that express only approximate or inexact numerosity; other languages have systems that express exact numerosity but only over a restricted range of relatively small numbers or over a very large range (Xu and Regier, 2014).

Although languages tend to apply different ways to count things, yet all systems reflect the need for efficient communication with minimal expenditure of cognitive resources.

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