DEPICTION OF ‘DALIT’ THROUGH THE CHARACTER OF ‘BAKHA’ IN MULK RAJ ANAND’S ‘UNTOUCHABLE’


Mouchumi Borgohain
Assistant Professor, Department of English,
 Dr. Nobin Bordoloi College, Na-Ali Dhekiajuli, Jorhat, Assam, India


Abstract
Mulk Raj Anand occupies a prominent place in Indian writing in English. He is a great champion of the underdog of the society. The bottom dogs who are born to bear the burnt of misfortune have been depicted as the hero’s in Anand’s novels. His heroes are the victim of permanent indebtedness, exploitation and perennial struggle to keep body and soul together. He has introduced many memorable characters in Indian English Novel. ‘Untouchable’ is the tragic and soul searching story of a young boy named ‘Bakha’. He is a Hindu Dalit boy and an outcaste by birth, according to the so-called caste division considered by the Hindus. As an outcaste the untouchables are segregated socially and ritually. The concept of ‘purity’ and ‘impurity’ is also intermingled with it. According to it the Brahmins are the so-called the privileged section of the society and the untouchables are the exploited section of the society. By their hereditary profession of cleaning others the untouchables are regarded as the permanent pollutant of the society. Anand has exposed the pathetic condition of the untouchables by presenting the brutality shown by the caste Hindus. They self styled God who determined their life and lot. They also craving for their basic human rights but the hereditary stigma had prevent them in their entire life. In this article an attempt has been made to depict the real and grim picture of the miserable plight of the untouchables through the depiction of the character of ‘Bakha’.

Key words: Dalit, Untouchable, outcast

1.   Introduction

Mullk Raj Anand occupies a prominent place in Indian writing in English. He is known for his prolific writing. A man of multifaceted personality he is the novelists, short story writer, essayist, art-critic and social reformer. Anand has deep affinity with the poor and downtrodden of the society. His close association with the poor and rural segments of society enabled him to catch the beauty and raciness of the simple and unsophisticated life of poor and illiterate Indians. His ‘Untouchable’ published in 1935 is a novel of social concerns that captures the life of the untouchable a living embodiment of misery and wretchedness.

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1 comment:

  1. Good analysis. Although we have moved a long way negating caste barriers, still a long way to go..

    ReplyDelete

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