THE NEED FOR MEDIA UTILIZATION FOR ENHANCEMENT OF TEACHING AND LEARNING, CHEMISTRY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EBONYI STATE

Nwani Pius Okorie
Department of Chemistry
Ebonyi State College of Education, IKWO, Nigeria


Abstract
The study is centred on the need for media utilization for enhancement of teaching and learning chemistry in Ebonyi State Secondary Schools. The study discusses; the concept of media, types of media, the influence of media in teaching and learning, the use of media in teaching and learning chemistry and the importance of media utilization in teaching chemistry. The work revealed that, the use of media would provide us with an exposure to the outside, world media have brought out easy ways of interaction and provided us with easily accessible means to reach different people. The study also showed that, the effectiveness and relevance of media towards teaching and learning of chemistry, lie in its ability to carry out its information, socialization, mobilization, functions and responsibility which in the case of Nigeria and other countries include the emancipation of the rural communities. The study recommends among other things that; media personnel should be properly trained to enable them handle all it would take in application of media utilization in teaching chemistry, and there should be provision of media in our secondary schools for utilization for effective and proper teaching and learning.

1.   Introduction
According to Onyegegbu (1999), when various teaching strategies are applied together with audio-visual like media into teaching and learning, students tend to learn faster and as well achieve high retention. In the same note, observations have shown that students have high retention of what they see, read, and watch. In view of this would reveal the need for utilization of media in teaching and learning chemistry.

The utilization of media in the teaching and learning of chemistry in secondary schools in Ebonyi State is considered back warding. This back ward utilization of media in teaching chemistry has contributed to the poor retention of chemistry concepts among secondary school students in Ebonyi State.

The relevance and the role of communication technology in the study of life of man cannot be waved out with ordinary hands. The scientists have been working very hard to enhance the living standard of man and also solve their numerous problems. These lead to the invention aspects of technologies to ensure that world news are preserved, displayed or disseminated to the different parts of the world. The media especially television provides information, entertainment and roles which often exert considerable influence on the mind of the children, youths and adults.

Hambage (2000), stated that media is the impersonal medium of communication between the receiver and the sender. Aquene (2003), viewed that media is the fourth estate of the realm. This is because of its function as the watchdog of the society.

Invariably, media that can be viewed as the main way that large number of people could receive information and entertainment are; television, radio, newspaper and so on.

The important of media materials in the classroom teaching and learning mostly in chemistry cannot be over emphasized. In fact, media could be used to facilitate teaching when used as instructional material in the classroom setting. In view of this, the study would discuss the various aspects of media.

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