CHARACTERS OF PHONOLOGICAL CHANGES IN BODO DIALECT: WITH REFERANCE TO UNDIVIDED DARRANG DISTRICT OF ASSAM


Gautam Kumar Baro
Research Scholar, department of Bodo, Gauhati University,
Guwahati, Assam, India


Abstract
In this research article, an attempt has been made to discuss different characters of phonological changes in the Bodo Dialect of Undivided Darrang District of Assam. The dialect of the research area has lots of dialectical variations in the levels of phonology, Morphology as well as in the levels of vocabulary. Phonological variations of a dialect may arise due to several characters. The study tries to analyse and discuss the characters of phonological changes in a comparativeas well as contrastive manner between the standard Bodo Dialect and the dialect of the Undivided Darrang District of Assam. The main objective of this paper is to analyze different characters by which phonological variations take place in the dialect.

Key words: Characters of phonological changes, Elision, Metathesis, Prothesis, Aspiration, De aspiration, Nasalization, Clusterization, De clusterization

1.Introduction
The term “BODO” denotes the language as well as the community. Linguisticallythe Bodo language belongs to the Tibeto-Burman group of world’s second largest Sino-Tibetan Language family. It occupies the Tibeto-Burman linguistic characteristics. The basic vocabulary of the language is highly monosyllabic in nature and is a tone based language. It is analytic and takes suffixes and prefixes and forms the bi-syllabic and polysyllabic words and so on. Affixation, derivation, navigation, pluralization, reduplication, are some common linguistic characters of the Bodo language. Besides the language have rich vocabulary with basic as well as loan words.

Bodo language has some dialect forms also. Four dialect areas of Bodo language have been identified by Pramod Ch. Bhattacharya, i.e. (i) North-West dialect area. (ii) South West dialect area (iii) North Central Assam dialect area and (iv) Southern Assam dialect area. But one of the prominent linguists among the Bodos, Phukan Basumatary has identified only three major dialect areas of the Bodo language. i.e. (i) The western Boro dialect. (ii) Eastern Boro dialect and  (iv) Southern Boro dialect.

A dialect is a particular form of a language, which is peculiar to a specific region or social group. Perhaps, there may be several dialect forms of Bodo language in different region of Bodo speaking area. An attempt has been made in this paper to discuss the characters of phonological changes in the dialect of Undivided darrang district of Assam. The dialect area comprises some area within the Eastern Boro Dialect, i.e. the present Darrang, Udalguri and some places of the Sonitpur district of Assam, which has been entitled in this paper as the dialect of Undivided Darrang District of Assam. Bodo language spoken in these areas occupies lots of dialectical variations in the levels to Phonology, Morphology, Vocabulary and a little in the Lexical level. Phonological changes due to different reasons like Elision, Metathesis, prosthesis, Aspiration, de-aspiration, Nasalization, Clusterization and de-clusterizations have been noticed in the dialect area.

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