CHALLENGES OF QUALITY ELEMENTARY EDUCATION IN INDIA

Dhiren Ch. Doley
10th Mile, Lower Gumba Hatta, Kalimpong, West Bengal, India


Abstract
Education helps a man to become aware, makes socially useful and provides opportunity for living a life with choice of ideas and options of living. The level of literacy and quality of education determine the character and morale of a nation hence sets the nation’s status in the international perspective higher. Therefore nationally and internationally, education has been gaining rising interest and importance.The UN Sustainable Development Goals, 2030 where India is a signatory also incorporates a goal of inclusive and equitable quality education. India is not an exception in making utmost efforts to provide the best to its citizens for education. As a result of its tireless endeavour, especially in the post RTE Act era, India has made enormous progress in terms of enrolment, retention and regularity in attendance of children. But this performance so far is not enough. India, in the seventies of its independence, which has huge investment in the Human Resource Development, should have attained cent percent literacy rate and high quality of education in terms of functional literacy. And the quality level of learning of the children viz. reading, comprehension and arithmetic is very pathetic. Children pass examination without learning the texts of their age. Poverty, ignorance, gender, caste, remoteness, governance system etc. are some of the main factors of lack of quality in the primary education in India.  This paper discusses the major challenges of quality education at primary level and suggests enablers.

Key Words: Quality Education, Sustainable Development Goals, Political Will, Civil Societies


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