RABI NIGER CROP (GUIZOTIA ABYSSINICA L.) FITS WELL UNDER ASSAM CONDITION

Bhabesh Gogoi


1.0 Introduction

Niger (Guizotia abyssinica L.), a minor oilseed crop, is suitable under rainfed, less fertile soil. India rank first with a contribution of more than 50% of world niger area and production. It is cultivated in 4.37 lakh hectare area of the country with a production of 1.11 lakh tonnes. With the area of 9.70 thousand hectare under niger crop, Assam is one of the major niger producing sates of India. For increasing niger production in Assam, a number of experiments were conducted at Assam Agricultural University (AAU), Jorhat and Regional Agricultural Research Station (RARS), AAU, Gossaigaon and the production know-how evolved as a result of these experiments were described in this article.

Several factors lend credence to choose the niger crop by the farmers of Assam: (1) it can tolerance poor soil and drought, (2) animals do not relish it, (3) no serious pests and diseases are there so as to cause economic losses to the crop, and as such no plant protection measures are required under Assam condition (4) with vigorous growth habit, niger can easily compete with annual weeds, (5) seeds can be stored for a year or more without deterioration, and (6) seeds mature 100-110 days after planting.


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