Karishma Borah and
Sarat Sekhar Bora

The lack of agricultural land in urban areas, as a result of human establishments, directly affects the quality of life, from physical and aesthetical point of view.

One of the gardening world's hottest trends, "vertical gardening" allows plants to grow on walls and other non-horizontal surfaces. They're especially popular for small-space gardening where ground is at a premium, or as decoration for patios and outdoor rooms.By applying this technology, utilization of any area can be maximized, obtaining aesthetic valences, benefits for environmental and human health.Vertical Gardening is a special kind of urban gardening suitable to small spaces, particularly for decorating the walls and roofs in various styles.It is different from traditional gardening in that it is the growing of plants by expanding planting area vertically into space. A vertical garden also known as green wall or living wall is self-sufficient vertical garden attached to exterior or interior walls of a building. They differ from green facades (ivy walls) as green walls have growing media supported on the face of the wall, while green facades have soil only at the base of the wall and support climbing plants on the face of the wall to create the green, or vegetated, facade. The plants receive water and nutrients from within the vertical support instead of from the ground. Vertical garden was invented by Stanley Hart White who patented a green wall system in the late 1930s. In vertical gardens, various types of modular panels can be used along with geo-textile fabrics, growing media, irrigation systems, and plants. Living walls are particularly suitable for cities, as they allow good use of available vertical surface areas. The living wall could also function for urban agriculture, urban gardening, or for its beauty as art.Green walls can absorb heated gas in the air, lower both indoor and outdoor temperature, thus providing a healthier indoor air quality as well as a more beautiful space.

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