Eaglenest or Eagle’s Nest Wildlife Sanctuary

Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary. 
Photo: ONGCHA-Assam Chapter
About Eaglenest: Popularly known as Eaglenest or Eagle’s Nest Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1989 which is located near Bomdilain West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh, India.  It is beautiful location with temperature of 0-280C which coordinates 27°06′N 92°24′E / . This Himalayan sanctuary conjoins with Sessa Orchid Sanctuary to the northeast and Pakhui Tiger Reserve across the Kameng river to the east. 
 / 27.1; 92.4Altitude ranges extremely from 500 metres (1,640 ft) to 3,250 metres (10,663 ft).

The Eaglenest derives its name from Red Eagle Division of the India army which was posted in the area in 1950s.

Eaglenest is a part of the Kameng Protected Area Complex (KPAC). It is the largest contiguous closed-canopy forest tract of Arunachal Pradesh. The area includes Eaglenest, Pakke, Sessa, Nameri and Sonai-Rupai sanctuaries and associated reserved forest blocks. The complex covers about 3500 km2 in area and range from 100 metres (328 ft) to 3300 metres (10,827 ft) in altitude.

A paradise for the naturalist, Eaglenest is a well-known birding area and home to about 454 species of birds. It is stated that the sanctuary has the distinction of having three tragopan species, perhaps unique in India, where BugunLiocichla was first discovered in 1995 and again observed and described in 2006 by RamanaAthreyaa. The BugunLiocichla is a passerine bird from the Old World babbler family closely related to the Emei Shan Liocichla.

It is home some rare variety of Herpetofauna.  Eaglenest has the pride of having about 15 species of mammals including Bengal Tiger, Asian Elephant, Red Panda, Asiatic Black Bear, Arunachal Pacaque, Gaur, etc.

The Eaglenest is the home to about 165 species of butterflies including Bhutan Glory, Grey Admiral, Scarce Red-Forester, Dusky Labyrinth, Tigerbrown, Jungle-Queen sp, White-edged Bush-Brown and White-Owl.

Eaglenest accessibility: It is stated that Eaglenest has an unpaved road running from its base to reach Eaglenest pass at 2,800 metres (9,186 ft) which allows good access to the entire altitude range and it makes accessible to the visitors such military, scientists, eco-tourists and others adventurers.

Inside of the Eaglenest there is a camp named Sessni. It is word in Nishi language of Arunachal Pradesh which means Nettle. This place is filled with piosonous Elephant nettle on either sides of the road.

To reach Eaglenest, travellers simply can start journey either from Guwahati or from Tezpur to Bhalukpong inWest Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh, India. Here obtain gate pass and inner line pass from the Government authority of Arunachal Pradesh. Beyond that, reach Tippi Orchid Centre and beyond this, journey led to Bomdila, it is the halt point to plan forvisit of Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary.

AboutWest Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh, India: West Kameng is district of Arunachal Pradesh with its headquarters at Bomdila. Kameng derives its name from river Kameng, a tributary of the mighty Brahmaputra river. To know the boundaries, the West Kameng district is surrounded by Tibet region of China in the north, the country of Royal Bhutan in the west, Tawang district and East Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh in the north-west and east respectively.

The most of the areas of West Kameng are covered by mountains and forest and it is the inhabitants of mostly five major tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, such as, Monpas, Mijis, Akas, Sherdukpen and Khawa (Buguns).

Some of the places of tourist importance in West Kameng district are Bhalukpong, LagelaGompa at Morshing, Rupa Caves, Chergaon, Hot Spring at Dirang, Shangti, GRL Monastery at Bomdila, Tippi Orchid Centre, Upper Doogjar at Rupa, Sela pass, Nechiphu (Zero Point), Dirang Fort, Ruins of Bhalukpong, Ruins of Dimachaung-Betali, etc.

Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary.
Photo: ONGCHA-Assam Chapter
Journey to West Kameng district: As the nearest railway station and airport, either Tezpur or Guwahati in Assam can be accessed. If one starts at the airport of Tezpur in Assam, a length of about 60 kmsis required to travel by road passing through wooded slopes. On the course of the journey, travellers can halt at Bhalukpong. The river Bharaliemerges from the mountains into wooded upper plaings and this river is popular for Angling. On the river banks at an elevation of about 190 meters, travellers can visit the Tippi Orchid Centre where over 7,500 varieties of orchids can be witnessed. Beyond this location, a fairly steep road leads toBomdila andat a height of above 2530 metresthis small town and Hqrsof the West Kameng district is situated. Bomdila is a good place to rest overnight and tourist can witness the views of the Himalayan landscapes and snow-clad ranges can move to Eaglenest. Some of tour operators generally organize package tour from Guwahati to Bomdila by road, such as:
1. Himalayan Holidays, Bomdila, Phone: 03782-22017
2. Shangrila, Tawang, Phone: 03794-23151
3. Seven Sisters’ Safari, Bomdila, Phone: 03782-222255
4. Shambala Tour and Travels, Tezpur, Assam, Phone: 03712-52108

1.     Tourist Lodge, Bomdila, Phone:03782-222049
2.     Circuit House, Bomdila, Phone:03782-222071
3.     Forest IB, Bomdila, Phone:03782-222173
4.     Circuit House, Bhalukpong, Phone:03782-234424
5.     Circuit House/IB, Rupa, Phone:03782-232287
6.     Circuit House/IB, Dirang, Phone:03780-242021
7.     Circuit House/IB, Kalaktang, Phone:03782-266490
8.     Circuit House/IB, Nafra, Phone:03782-207152
9.     Phranglei Guest House, Near APST Bus Stand, Bomdila, Phone:03782-223779

General Information:A few things may be noteworthy know to travel any place of Arunachal Pradesh as mentioned below:

Best Season to Visit:March to mid-June and September to mid-December.
Entry and Exit point:Bhalukpong
Clothing required:Light woolens in summer and heavy woolens in winter. Umbrella and raincoat are usefully necessary.
Government formality:Inner Line Permit from Government of Arunachal Pradesh is required.
Language spoken:Hindi, English, Nepali, Assamese, Tibetan and some local dialects like Sherdukpen, Monpa, Sajolang, Hrusso, Khawa, Sartang, etc.

Conservation Note:The physical state of the forest of Eaglenest needs to be protected. Necessary protection needs to be provided to wild lives from poaching and hunting. Its isolation to be maintained and any kind of illegal encroachment and any kind of settlement inside Eaglenest needs to be minimized and stopped. Forest clearing needs to be avoided. Attention needs to put about depletion of food resources for the wild lives inside of the Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary.

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