Assistant Professor of Sociology
M.D.K.G. College, Dibrugarh
Ms. Anamika Deb
Student of Sociology, M.D.K.G. College, Dibrugarh

Mahatma Gandhi dreamt of an India which was not only free but also clean and developed. Under the leadership of Gandhiji our countrymen freed the nation from colonialism, whereas Bapu’s dream of cleanliness remained unfulfilled. Now the Prime Minister of India, Narenda Modi exhorted people of the country to fulfil Gandhi’s vision of clean India. Prime Minister paid homage to the two great sons of Mother India, Mahatma Gandhi and former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, on their birth anniversary.

With effect from 1 April 1999, the government of India restricted the Comprehensive Rural Sanitation programme and launched the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC).To give a fillip to the Total Sanitation Campaign effectively, in June 2003 the government launched an incentive scheme in the form of an award the total sanitation coverage, maintenance of a clean environment and open defection-free Panchyat villages, blocks and districts called Nirmal Gram Puraskar. On 1st April 2012, the TSC was renamed as Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan. On 2nd October 2014 the campaign was re-launched as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan at Rajghat, New Delhi, where Modi himself cleaned the road. The campaign is India’s biggest ever cleanliness drive and 3 million government employees and schools and college students of India participated in this event .The mission was started by the PM of India, Modi by nominating nine famous personalities for this campaign, and they take up the challenge and nominate nine more people and so on. It has been carried forward since then with famous people from all walks of life joining it. Thus he attempts to build a chain network so that people from all stratums irrespective of caste & creed, religion & region, language & dialects, ethnicity & tribe can be called to involve in this noble venture.

The mission is expected to cost over Rs.62000 Crores. The fund sharing between the Central Government and the State Government/Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) is 75:25 (90:10 for North Eastern and special category states).The campaign was described as ‘Beyond politics’ and ‘inspired by patriotism’.

PM of India called for a logo and an idea through crowd-sourcing, asked the people for a tagline. An online portal has been created for this purpose. Anant of Maharashtra and Bhagyashri won the contest. According to the PM of India, it is not a logo, through these glasses Gandhiji is looking and questioning us about the cleanliness of India.

Swachh Bharat is a national level campaign by the government of India, covering 4041 statutory towns to clean the streets, roads and infrastructure of the country. It is a mission that aims at building over 800 million toilets and setting up modern sewage systems to make India free from open drains in the next five years .The project envisages building of at least 20 million toilets in the first one year . It also aims at elimination of open defection, eradication of manual scavenging, abehavioural change in people regarding healthy sanitation practices, awareness among people regarding sanitation.

According to the World Health Organization, an average of Rs. 6500 per person lost in India due to lack of cleanliness and hygiene. The main objective of this mission is to encourage people to devotee at least 100 hours to clean India.

It is our social responsibility as citizens of the country to help to fulfill Gandhiji vision of Clean India by his 150th birth anniversary in 2019. Is the job of getting rid of filth belongs to Safai Karmcharai only? It is the duty of 125 crore countrymen to clean the country. A single person or a government alone cannot clean the country. It is to be done by all. It is our duty to neither litter not let others litter. Cleanliness brings from our village, home, family, school and college, Mandir, Masjid or Gurudwara. It is our duty to clean the place where we stay. When 125 crore Indians would come together to clean its motherland, soon India will be the cleanest country.

A Swachh Bharat Run was organized at the Rashtrapati Bhavan on 2nd October 2014 which included around 1500 people participated. The event was flagged off by President Pranab Mukherjee. Participants in the run included officers and their families.

Many Independent app developers came up with ideas to support the mission using mobile technologies. The Times of India published an article on how “Desi companies beat Facebook in ‘Swachh’apps race”. Vocative wrote of one such app that it could change the relationship between government and people.

Clean should be a dream of every Indians. In 2019 in the 150th anniversary of the father of the nation we should gift him a swachh bharat by working collectively. Quit India was succeeded due to the involvement of everyone and similarly, success of clean India lies in 125 crores Indians. We never spit or throw garbage inside our home then why outside? India is our home; we need to keep our home clean and hygienic.

Even today, there are many schools which don’t have separate toilets for girls. Even in villages more than sixty percent people are still going to open places for defecation. We should march with collective force to solve these problems which will definitely give us success. Even the recently launched the Parliament Adarsha Gram Yojana will be fruitful to work together in a top to bottom & bottom to top approach.

Prime Minister of India has also decided to start this movement in social media also. It is on www.MyGov.in. A new website has been created on ‘clean India’. Work has been started on facebook and twitter. Even PM of India has appeal all the countrymen to upload photographs of garbage they clean and upload videos and the photographs of the cleaned place. He believed it is a work solely inspired by patriotism and we would do it with patriotic feeling.

Being citizen of India it is our duty to contribute to such act and participate in such missions whole-heartedly and make India the cleanest country by 2019. Let’s work together and hope for the best.

About the Authors

Dipankar Sarmah: After completing M.A. (1st class 1st) in Sociology from Dibrugarh University and M. Phil. from Assam University, Silchar, Dipankar Sarmah qualified UGC SET and DCA from C-DEC, Pune. He is currently working as Assistant Professor of Sociology at M.D.K.G. College, Dibrugarh. Earlier he taught at Jorhat College and many other institutions. He has to his credit 18 books on sociology and allied subjects...[Read more]

Anamika Deb: Anamika Deb is currently pursuing her graduation degree in Sociology from MDKG College, Dibrugarh, Assam. She wrote her first write-up in an edited book titled, Youth Development in India which was dedicated to the Prime Minister of India...[Read more] 

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