As mankind slowly came out from the cave and started living as a community someone with the more intelligent outlook from the crowd stood out as the leader – though prowess mattered more, as it was a fight for survival every moment – but slowly intelligence took the lead.  At the beginning, everyone got afraid of the natural phenomenon like thunder and lightning, incessant rains causing flood, erosion and landslides, earthquakes, forest-fires, storms etc. etc. and also about the ailments and disease and definitely death. Initially, they worshipped nature in its various forms – the rivers, the hills, the Earth, the Sun, the trees etc etc. that can be found in practice even today in festivals like Kati Bihu, Ali Aye Lrigang, Chhath Puja, Bathow Puja, Ashokastami etc. etc. Some of those who developed higher intelligence levels than the others got some idea about controlling the others telling about some supernatural powers leading to the events including life and death. They convinced the masses about their ability to contact the powers and assessed the progress of events and as such foretold some of the such. And then they advised to offer various things to the deities to get them satisfied and earn their favour. Slowly people gave name to some of these deities and also made them male female as par the subject they were conferred to.

Along with that, some code of conduct was also put in place. It varied from place to place keeping in mind the local climate for best health practices as visualized by the people that devised it. That’s why see completely different types of rituals for various life events for the people from different parts of globe. As people travelled across, and settled down at various locations they carried their traditions, cultures and also the rituals.

One part of these rituals were the sense of cleanliness. These people, involved in day to day hard labour, needed some respite, some occasion to celebrate, and with that get the pretext to buy new clothes, and above all, religious orders to get the house, clothes and vicinity properly cleaned. Being in a hot a humid climate, more rituals were thrown in these region so that people can stay clean and keep diseases at bay that mostly generated from unclean habits. And, while only a section of the people understood, the form of deities itself actually carried a cryptic message to lead a successful life.

Let us the case of Durga - she is considered the able partner of Shiva, the God of creation, and, at the same time of destruction. Shiva lived the most austere life - he did not even have proper clothing. Durga is the embodiment of women power - and it symbolizes that if someone can inculcate in oneself different virtues and power possessed by different individuals for which one is famous
and considered powerful in the society in one would become so powerful that
practically nothing invincible would remain. The most graceful women, with discipline and virtues can prove to be the most fearsome adversary - while at the same time being a perfect mother and wife.

Let us get to the depth of message and rather than dumbly paying obeisance to the Devi, celebrate women power, nurture them to lead and protect the world.

Editorial note written by: Bibekananda Choudhury

People of India celebrate September 5th as Teacher’s Day that coincides with the publication timeline of this issue giving us an opportunity to remember and express our respect to Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, who was a philosopher and a teacher par excellence in 20th century in India. Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan was the 1st Vice President (1952 -1962) and 2nd President of India (1962 – 1967). He was conferred with Bharat Ratna (1954), the highest civilian award in India. It is stated that some of his students and friends approached him and requested him to allow them to celebrate his birthday. In reply, Dr. Radhakrishnan said, “Instead of celebrating my birthday separately, it would be my proud privilege if September 5th is observed as Teacher’s Day”. The request showed Dr. Radhakrishnan’s love for the teaching profession. From then onwards, i.e., since 1962, his birthday is observed as Teacher’s Day in India. He believed that “teachers should be the best minds in the country”. So, prefixing the above, we also like to take this opportunity to reveal thankfulness and respect to all our teachers that enlighten us.

This issue consists of 5 reseach articles, 3 essays on emerging issues, 1 each of book review and ethnic recipe and 5 beautiful poems. Research articles are contributed by Pastor (Dr.) Paul Nwakpa, Faculty Member of Ebonyi State Unversity, Nigeria; Litvane Spahija and Festim Halili, Faculty Members of University of Tetovo, Macedonia; Anannya Boruah, Research Scholar of Dibrugarh University, Assam, India; Bornali Konwar, Teacher of Bastuhara Vidyalaya, Chabua, Assam, India and Md. Shafeer K. P., Faculty Member of KMCT Group of Educational Institutions, Kerala, India.

The essays are contributed by Lieutenant Dr. Shahjahan Ali, Faculty Member of B. H. College, Howly, Assam, India; Atlantica Boruh, student of Dibrugarh University, Assam, India and Milon Jyoti Konwar, Research Scholar of Agronomy, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, India.

Dr. Kingsuk Chakraborty, Faculty Member of Department of Economics, Bilasipara College, Assam, has contributed book-review in this issue. Five beautiful poems are contributed by Naren Nritom Das and Pranami Bania, Dhurum Sula Boro, Uttam Boruah, Partha Pratim Goswami and Shweta Sur. Yes of course, an ethnic recipe idea is presented by our regular food blogger Madhusmita Kalita Pathak.

We express our thankfulness to all scholars/authors/contributors for their unconditional support and cooperation in making our effort successful.  

We acknowledge with thanks to the honorary advisory board, honorary technical review board and all members of editorial team for their guidance, support and cooperation. We, of course, express our sincere gratitude to Bibekananda Choudhury sir, who advises us all the way and also addressing in this issue from the Editors’ Desk.

Festival season is approaching in India and the very popular Durga puja/Vijaya Dashami/Dusshera is starting from the last week of September, 2017 followed by Kati Bihu and Deepawali, respectively during October, 2017. Therefore, on such festivities, we wish you all good things, good health and good luck in life. Happy reading!

Vol-4, Issue-5; September-October 2017

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