PERSISTING PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURE IN NORTH EAST INDIA


Dr. Bhaskar Kumar Kakati
Centre Manager
Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Centre for Policy Research and Analysis
Indian Institute of Management, Shillong
Nongthymmai, Mayurbhanj Complex
Shillong, Meghalaya, India


Abstract
North Eastern Region of India is endowed with rich soils, favorable climate. Further, more than 50 per cent of rural households primarily engaged with agriculture but the contribution of this sector to the state’s GDP is very less compare to other states of India. Agriculture in NER still remains subsistence, and its potential for commercialization has remained unexploited. Objective of this paper is to understand the persisting problems of agriculture in this region. Accordingly, an attempt is being made to analyze the different attributes of agriculture of NER such as yield and production of major crops, land use pattern, fertilizers consumption pattern, distribution of cold storages, coverage of farmers in different development scheme and crop credit analysis collected from different data sources. Further, this paper also tries to forward some recommendations for mitigating these changes and develop the sector in this region.

Key Words: land use, fertilizers, cold storage, credit, development schemes

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